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What are the North American Hardwood Growing Regions?

  • Posted on:  Thursday, 29 October 2015 14:30

If you have been associated with the hardwood lumber industry for a while you are probably well aware of the differences in species based on their region of origin. However, if you are new to the industry you might find the lumber characteristics based on regions a little confusing.  Here are a few simple thoughts that should help you understand the different North American growing regions.

whiteoaktreeNorth American Hardwood Lumber Regions

Northern Region –  This region spans the States from Wisconsin to Maine. These area experiences long winters and short summers.  Trees from this region typically have tight grains and slow growth patterns. It is common to find species such as birch and maple thrive in this region.

Central Region –  The central region inculdes most of the States between Missouri and Virginia.  These States experience hot summers but also have cold winters.  Walnut and hickory are commonly found and harvested from this hardwood region.

Southern Region – The climate in this region can be categorized as having short winter seasons and long hot summers.  In the southern region the trees grow faster and typically have lighter color tones and wider grain patterns because of it.  Poplar is one species that is regularly found in abundance in this region.

Appalachian Region – The Appalachian hardwood region is a specific area that spans across several States in the Northern, Central and Southern regions.  It follows a mountain region and provides a climate that many believe provides for excellent growing conditions because of its soil, climate and rain fall.  Many buyers in the industry will ask specifically for Appalachian hardwoods.

Pacific Region – The Pacific hardwood lumber region is lesser known.  It consists of the States in the upper Northwest United States.  This region has more of a maritime climate and produces unique species compared to is counterparts in the East such as Red Alder and PC Maple.

The hardwood lumber species found in America don't grow exclusively in just one region. Species are typically found across many regions and high quality lumber is produced from all regions.  One region is not necessarily better than the other. It depends on the look, feel and application of the lumber you are trying to achieve.

American Lumber Company is fortunate to have hardwood manufacturing facilities in different regions of the United States and trusted partner mills and suppliers who can supplement our own production.  This enables us to have access to the entire breath of hardwood lumber options available in the market so we can serve any of your hardwood lumber needs..

If you are looking for a specific type of hardwood lumber species, grade or characteristic let us know. We’ll do our best to help you.

American Lumber
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Last modified on Thursday, 29 October 2015 14:57