Alder

Alnus rubra

Other names: Red alder, Western red alder, Western alder. Alder is almost white when freshly cut but quickly changes with exposure to air to light brown with a yellow or reddish tinge. Heartwood is formed only in trees of advanced age and there is no visible boundary between sap and heartwood. The wood is fairly straight grained with a uniform texture.

General Information

Uses Availability Price
Kitchen cabinets, doors, interior mouldings, turning, carving, and kitchen utensils. Reasonably
available
Moderate.

Relative Working Properties

Machining Resistance to splitting in nailing Resistance to splitting in screwing Gluing
Good Good Good Good

Physical Properties

Specific gravity (12% m.c.) Average shipping weight kilograms (kg) per cubic metre (m3) air dry Average volumetric shrinkage (oven dry % of green) Modulus of rupture (kilopascals) Modulus of elasticity (megapascals) Side hardness (newtons)
0.41 449 10.1 9800 9515 2624

Domestic Hardwood Lumber Catalog

Alder

Alder

Basswood

Basswood

Beech

Beech

Black Walnut

Black Walnut

Cherry

Cherry

Hard Maple

Hard Maple

Hickory

Hickory

Red Elm

Red Elm

Red Oak

Red Oak

Soft Maple

Soft Maple

White Ash

White Ash

White Oak

White Oak

Yellow Birch

Yellow Birch

Yellow Poplar

Yellow Poplar